Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition related to brain development that affects social interaction, communication& behaviour. Children with ASD may also have different types of learning, moving, or paying attention. These symptoms can make life very challenging for children with ASD.

Social Communication and Interaction Skills

It can be challenging for a person with ASD. It may include

  • No or less eye contact
  • No response to name by 9 months of age
  • Not showing facial expressions like happy, sad and angry by 9 months of age
  • Not playing simple interactive games by 12 months of age
  • Not wave goodbyeby 12 months of age
  • Not  joiningother children in play by 36 months of age
  • Not pretending to be, like a teacher or superhero, in play by 48 months of age
  • Not singing, dancing, or acting for you by 60 months of age

Restricted or Repetitive behaviours or Interests

Restricted or repetitive behaviours and interests related to Autism Spectrum Disorder ASD can include

  • Lines up toys and gets upset when sequence is changed
  • Repeats words or phrases many times (called echolalia)
  • Always play with toys in the same way
  • Is focused on parts of objects (like wheels)
  • Gets upset by small changes
  • Has obsessive interests
  • Must follow definite routines
  • Flaps hands, rocks body, or spins self in circles
  • Has unusual reactions to sound, smell, taste, look, or feel

Other Characteristics

Most people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have other related characteristics. These might include

  • Delayed language skills
  • Delayed movement skills
  • Delayed cognitive or learning skills
  • Hyperactive, impulsive, and/or inattentive behaviour
  • Epilepsy or seizure disorder
  • Abnormal eating and sleeping habits
  • Gastrointestinal issues (like constipation)
  • Unusual mood or emotional response
  • Anxiety, stress, or excessive worry
  • Lack of fear or more fear than expected

It is important to notice that children with ASD may not have all or any of the behaviours listed here.